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Chandrashekhar Azad was born on July 23, 1906 to Sitaram Tewari and Jagrani Devi in Jhabua District. Madhya Pradesh. Chandrasekhar received his early education in a village school.

After completing his elementary schooling, he went to Varanasi for further studies in Sanskrit Vidyalaya.
 There is a story how the title Azad stuck to his name forever. When he was just 14 he plunged into the freedom struggle following the massacre of Jaliawala Bagh and was arrested.
When produced before the magistrate, he told his name as 'Azad' The annoyed magistrate sentenced him to 15 cane-strokes.
With each lash he shouted: 'Bande Mataram. 'The people thereafter honoured him as ‘Azad’.

Chandrashekhar Azad, a man of free-spirit and indomitable courage, was one among the most sought after revolutionaries by British police. Azad as he was called lived and died to his will. He often used to recite:

Dushman ki goliyon ka hum samna karenge, 
Azad hee rahein hain, azad hee rahenge'

early days, Azad was fascinated by non-cooperation movement of 1920-21 led by Mahatma Gandhi. But, after the withdrawal of withdrawal of the non-cooperation movement, he became a revolutionary.
 Working for the Hindustan Socialist Republican Army (HSRA),
Azad was involved in the famous Kakori Conspiracy (1926).
 He also attempted to blow up the Viceroy's train (1926). Further, we all know his heroics in the Assembly bomb incident, and the killing of Saunders at Lahore in 1928.

Moreover, Azad’s persona was not limited to just revolutionary heroics,
 there was a humanitarian, emotional and loving side as well, of which we know little. Recently, I read about an incident involving Azad and a poor old widow.
Azad was looking for refuge after the kakori-train conspiracy. Police was after him. To dodge the police Azad took refuge at the home of an old widow. Late In the night,the old lady told Azad about her harness and that because of money her daughter was still unmarried. Feeling the plight of helpless widow,
Azad asked her to brig him to the police and get the prize-money of Rs 5,000 that Azad carried on his head. Poor widow despite an offer refused to do so and said “I wouldn't do it for Rs 5 lakh,"
Azad had to leave her home early in morning, but he did not forget to leave good sum of money for the marriage, he also left a letter in which he wrote:
"Forgive me for leaving without informing you. You did not agree to my proposal.
 But now I will decide what is to be done. Please arrange the marriage of my sister as soon as possible with the money I am leaving.
 I wish I could be present for the occasion. But who knows where I will be.
 But Amma, what more can a brother on the run do for his sister? If my luck permits I'll meet my brother-in-law one day and bless my sister in person."
Unfortunately, the man who was ready to give his life for the prize money for the sake of a poor old widow had to die for the money awarded on his head.
 When all efforts failed to arrest Azad,
 the police announced a reward of Rs. 30,000.
It was a well-planned trick to announce the huge amount considering the time. And, the plan paid off. One of his own colleague betrayed Azad.
 On February 27, 1931, Azad was encircled by police party in Alfred Park, Allahabad, where he went to meet an old friend. He was not the one to surrender, he fought bravely, and when a single bullet remained,the born-free Azad shot himself.

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The British authority, while interrogating them, came to know about their involvement inof J. P. Saunders. Bhagat Singh, Rajguru, and Sukhdev were charged with the murder. Singh admitted to the murder and made statements against the British rule during the trial.

While in jail, Bhagat Singh found that the authorities were following a dual policy in treating thethe prisoners. The criminals of foreign origin were treated better than Indian political prisoners. As a protest, he along with some fellow prisoners declared to "go on hunger strike". The strike continued for over a month and finally the British had to accept before their conditions.

Bhagat Singh along with other revolutionaries found responsible for the Assembly bombing and murder of Saunders. On March 23, 1931, Bhagat Singh was hanged in Lahore with his fellow comrades Rajguru and Sukhdev. Singh was cremated at Hussainiwala on banks of Sutlej river.
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Birth date : September 27, 1907
Death Away: March 23, 1931
About life : Bhagat Singh was among the prominent revolutionaries who shaped the base of a grand national movement. Following his execution, on March 23, 1931, the supporters and followers of Bhagat Singh regarded him as a  "Shaheed", "martyr".

Bhagat Singh was born on 27 September 1907 at Banga in Lyallpur district (now Pakistan) to Kishan Singh and Vidya Vati. From his early childhood, Bhagat Singh was imbued with the family's spirit of patriotism. At the time of his birth, his father Kishan Singh was in jail.
 His uncle, Sardar Ajit Singh, was a great freedom fighter and establishedPatriots' Association.
He was well-supported by his friend Syed Haidar Raza, in organizing the peasants against the Chenab Canal Colony Bill. Ajit Singh had 22 cases against him and was forced to flee to Iran.
Bhagat Singh was considered to be one of the most influential revolutionaries of Indian Nationalist Movement. He became involved with numerous revolutionary organizations.

Kishan Singh enrolled Bhagat Singh in Dayanand Anglo Vedic High School. At a very young age, Bhagat Singh started following Non-Cooperation Movement called by Mahatma Gandhi.
 Bhagat Singh had openly defied the British and had followed Gandhi's wishes by burning the government-sponsored books. Following the violent incidents of "Chauri Chaura", Gandhi called for the withdrawal of the Non-Cooperation movement.
Unhappy with the decision, Bhagat Singh, isolated himself from Gandhi's nonviolent action and joined the Young Revolutionary Movement.

He was pursuing B.A. examination when his parents planned to have him married. He vehemently rejected the suggestion and said that, if his marriage was to take place in Slave-India, my bride shall be only death." Singh later joined the
Hindustan Republican Association, a radical group, later known as the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association. He returned to his home in Lahore after assurances from his parents that he would not be compelled to get married.
 He established contact with the members of the Kirti Kisan Party and started contributing regularly to its magazine, the "Kirti". In March 1926, the Naujawan Bharat Sabha was formed with Bhagat Singh, as its secretary.

On 30 October 1928, an all-parties procession, led by Lala Lajpat Rai, marched towards the Lahore railway station to protest against the arrival of the Simon Commission. Stopping the procession, police made a lathi charge at the activists.
The confrontation left Lala Lajpat Rai with severe.and also led to his death. As an avenge to the death of Lala Lajpat Rai, Bhagat Singh and his associates plotted the assassination of Scott, the Superintendent of Police, believed to have ordered the lathi charge.
The revolutionaries, mistaking J.P. Saunders, an Assistant Superintendent of Police, as Scott, killed him instead. Bhagat Singh quickly left Lahore to escape his arrest.
 To avoid recognition, he shaved his beard and cut his hair, a violation of the sacred tenets of Sikhism.n response to the formulation of Defence of India Act, the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association planned to explode a bomb inside the assembly premises, where the ordinance was going to be passed.
On April 8 1929 Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt threw a bomb onto the corridors of the assembly and shouted 'Inquilab Zindabad!'
 The bomb was not meant to kill or injure anyone and therefore it was thrown away from the crowded place. Following the blasts both Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt courted arrest

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Lal Bahadur Shastri, who had earlier suffered two heart attacks, died of the third cardiac arrest on 11 January, 1966. He is the only Indian Prime Minister, to have died in office, overseas. Lal Bahadur Shastri was the first person to be posthumously awarded the Bharat Ratna, (India's highest civilian award).

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Jawaharlal Nehru was succeeded by a mild-mannered and soft-spoken Lal Bahadur Shastri on 9 June, 1964. 
He was a follower of Nehruvian socialism. Despite the strong influence and desire of becoming the Prime Minister, of some party stalwarts Shastri emerged as the consensus candidate. 

Shastri tackled many elementary problems like food shortage, unemployment and poverty. To overcome the acute food shortage, Shastri asked the experts to devise a long-term strategy. 
This was the beginning of famous "Green Revolution". Apart from the Green Revolution, he was also instrumental in promoting the White Revolution. 
The National Dairy Development Board was formed in 1965 during Shastri as Prime Minister.

After the Chinese aggression, the major cross-border-problems Shastri faced was caused by Pakistan.
 It sent her forces across the eastern border into the Rann of Kuch in Gujarat. Shastri showing his mettle, made it very clear that India would not sit and watch. While granting liberty to the to retaliate He said, "Force will be met with force".
The Indo-Pak war ended on 23 September 1965 after the United Nations passed a resolution demanding a ceasefire.
 The Russian Prime Minister, Kosygin, offered to mediate and on 10 January 1966, Lal Bahadur Shastri and his Pakistan counterpart Ayub Khan signed the Tashkent Declaration.

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Lal Bahadur Shastri had served in various positions before being elected as the Prime Minister. After Independence, he became the Minister of police in the Ministry of Govind Vallabh Panth in Uttar Pradesh. His recommendations included the introduction of "water-jets" instead of sticks to disperse the unruly mob. Impressed with his efforts in reforming the state police department, Jawaharlal Nehru, invited Shastri to join the Union as a Minister for railways. He was a responsible man and known for his ethics and morality. In 1956, Lal Bahadur Shastri resigned from his post, following a train accident that killed around 150 passengers near Ariyalur in Tamil Nadu. Nehru, had once said, "No one could wish for a better comrade than Lal Bahadur, a man of the highest integrity and devoted to ideas".

Lal Bahadur Shastri returned to the Cabinet in 1957, first as the Minister for Transport and Communications, and then as the Minister of Commerce and Industry. In 1961, he became Minister for Home and formed the "Committee on Prevention of Corruption" headed by of K. Santhanam.
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